Global Indian Diaspora

Indian Diaspora:

The term "Indian diaspora" refers to all persons of Indian descent living outside India, as long as they preserve some major Indian ethnocultural characteristics. Only nationals of Pakistan and Bangladesh are excluded from this term since those countries were part of the larger British India before 1947 and thus constitute a special case.

A common distinction with regard to ethnic Indians outside India, often referred to as overseas Indians, is made between non-resident Indians (NRIs), who hold Indian citizenship, and persons of Indian origin (PIOs), who do not.

Places with More than 100,000 Members


Myanmar: 2,902,000
Malaysia: 1,665,000
Sri Lanka: 855,025
Nepal: 583,599
Singapore: 307,000


South Africa: 1,000,000
Mauritius: 715,756
Reunion: 220,055
Kenya: 102,500


Fiji: 336,829
Australia: 190,000


Trinidad & Tobago: 500,600
Guyana: 395,350
Suriname: 150,456

Northern America

USA: 1,678,765
Canada: 851,000


UK: 1,200,000
Netherlands: 217,000


Saudia Arabia: 1,500,000
UAE: 950,000
Oman: 312,000
Kuwait: 295,000
Qatar: 131,000
Bahrain: 130,000
Yemen: 100,900


Remittances to India in Billions of US Dollars

Source Regions of Remittance Flows to India

Indian Immigrants in the United States

1. According to the US Census Bureau, there were over one million immigrants from India in the United States in 2000.

2. The foreign born from India (1 million) made up the third-largest immigrant group in 2000, following the foreign born from Mexico (9.2 million) and the Philippines (1.4 million). The fourth and fifth-largest immigrant groups in 2000 were from China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan) (988,857) and Vietnam (988,174).

3. Of the 31.1 million foreign born in the US, 3.3 percent were immigrants from India, according to the results of Census 2000.

4. According to Census 2000, California had the largest number of foreign born from India (198,201), followed by New Jersey (119,491), and New York (117,238). The remaining 10 states with the largest number of immigrants from India include Illinois (83,916), Texas (78,388), Pennsylvania (37,541), Michigan (36,323), Florida (32,295), Maryland (32,276), and Virginia (30,611).

5. Of the total foreign born from India in 2000, California had the largest proportion (19 percent), followed by New Jersey (12 percent), New York (11 percent), Illinois (8 percent), and Texas (8 percent). Combined, these five states accounted for 58 percent of the total Indian immigrant population.

6. The foreign-born population from India increased from 450,406 in 1990 to 1,022,552 in 2000, or by 572,146 persons, according to the results of Census 2000, representing an increase of 127 percent.

7. According to the results of Census 2000, the states that experienced the most rapid growth in their foreign-born populations from India include Idaho (517 percent), Oregon (419 percent), and Colorado (400 percent), followed by Georgia (271 percent), Washington (268 percent), Minnesota (260 percent), Wyoming (241 percent), Kentucky (221 percent), North Dakota (206 percent), and Nevada (193 percent).

8. Census 2000 shows that the foreign-born population from India in Georgia increased from 7,511 in 1990 to 27,834 in 2000, representing a 271 percent increase. Among all states and the District of Columbia, Georgia ranked seventh in the numeric growth and fourth in the percent growth of its Indian immigrant population.

9. According to the results of Census 2000, immigrants from India account for 0.4 percent of the total population of 281.4 million. In only one state – New Jersey (1.4 percent) – did the foreign born from India make up more than one percent of the total state population.



From Ocean to Ocean for a Home

I did a play From Ocean to Ocean for a Home, which is a touching story of Indians leaving India to work on sugar plantations in the Caribbean. With the story centering on Karna, Rangrati, and Padmageet, the writer summarizes India with all her passions, beauty, strengths, and glories. The histories of the great subcontinent with all its Vedas, Shastras, and Puranas can be heard in this piece. And music and well as tears come like monsoonal rains in Mumbai.
This is a journey not only for the Caribbean but also for India and all those who care for her past.
The link for this play is
If you find this play worthy, please share it with others.
Also, I am writing an Indo-Caribbean serialized story titled Caribbean Moon, Indian Bride. The link for this is
Best wishes.
Churaumanie Bissundyal